Toyota
Nissan Versa
 Sedan Service Manual
Transmission & driveline » Transaxle & transmission (TM)
A/T Control system

A/T Control system : component parts location

A/T Control system : component parts location

1. IPDM E/R 2. TCM 3. Transmission range switch 4. A/T unit 5. Output speed sensor 6. Stop lamp switch 7. A/T shift selector 8. Overdrive control switch 9. Combination meter (type B)

A/T Control system : component description

Name

Function

TCM TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : TCM"
Transmission range switch TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Transmission Range Switch"
Input speed sensor TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Input Speed Sensor"
Output speed sensor TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Output Speed Sensor"
A/T fluid temperature sensor TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : A/T Fluid Temperature Sensor"
Low clutch solenoid valve TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Low Clutch Solenoid Valve"
2-4 brake solenoid valve TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : 2-4 Brake Solenoid Valve"
Select ON-OFF solenoid valve TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Select Switch On-Off Solenoid Valve"
High clutch/low & reverse brake solenoid valve TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : High Clutch/Low & Reverse Brake Solenoid Valve"
Torque converter clutch solenoid valve TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Valve"
Line pressure solenoid valve TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Line Pressure Solenoid Valve"
Accelerator pedal position sensor TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor"
Overdrive control switch TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Overdrive Control Switch"
O/D OFF indicator lamp TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : O/D OFF Indicator Lamp"
Stop lamp switch Stop lamp switch detects the operation status of brake pedal.
ECM
  • For purposes including improving the feeling when shifting speeds and preventing drops in engine speed, control signals are exchanged between the ECM and TCM, and real-time cooperative control is performed according to the vehicle driving conditions.

    (Integrated control for engine and A/T)

  • Engine and A/T integrated control signal NOTE: General term for the communication (torque-down permission, torque-down request, etc.) exchanged between the ECM and TCM.

  • The TCM receives the following signal via CAN communications from the ECM for judging the vehicle driving conditions.

  • Engine speed signal

  • Accelerator pedal position signal

  • Closed throttle position signal

BCM The TCM receives the following signal via CAN communications from the BCM for judging the vehicle driving conditions.
  • Stop lamp switch signal
ABS actuator and electric unit (control unit) The TCM receives the following signal via CAN communications from the ABS actuator and electric unit (control unit) for judging the vehicle driving conditions.
  • Vehicle speed signal (ABS)
  • ABS operation signal
Combination meter The TCM receives the following signal via CAN communications from the combination meter for judging the driving request from the driver.
  • Overdrive control switch signal

A/T Control system : TCM

  • The vehicle driving status is judged based on the signals from the sensors, switches, and other control units, and the optimal transaxle control is performed.
  • The primary control consists of the following 8 control types.
  • Line pressure control
  • Gear shift control
  • Shift control
  • Lock-up control
  • Control between each control unit and the A/T (CAN communications control)
  • Self-diagnosis function
  • Fail-safe function
  • Communications control with CONSULT

A/T Control system : transmission range switch

  • The transmission range switch is installed to upper part of transaxle case.
  • The transmission range switch detects the selector lever position.

A/T Control system : input speed sensor

  • The input speed sensor is installed to control valve.
  • The input speed sensor detects input shaft speed.
  • The input speed sensor generates ON-OFF pulses (short waveform signal) in proportion to the rotating speed, such that the changing cycle is shorter when the rotating speed increases. The TCM judges the rotating speed from the changing cycle of this pulse signal.

A/T Control system : input speed sensor

A/T Control system : output speed sensor

  • The output speed sensor is installed to the back side of transaxle case.
  • The output speed sensor detects output gear speed. The TCM judges the vehicle speed from the rotating speed of the output gear.
  • The output speed sensor generates ON-OFF pulses (short waveform signal) in proportion to the rotating speed, such that the changing cycle is shorter when the rotating speed increases. The TCM judges the rotating speed from the changing cycle of this pulse signal.

A/T Control system : output speed sensor

A/T Control system : a/t fluid temperature sensor

  • A/T fluid temperature sensor is installed to control valve.
  • A/T fluid temperature sensor detects A/T fluid temperature in oil pan.
  • The fluid temperature sensor uses a thermistor, and changes the signal voltage by converting changes in the A/T fluid temperature to a resistance value. The TCM judges the A/T fluid temperature based on that signal voltage.

A/T Control system : a/t fluid temperature sensor

A/T Control system : low clutch solenoid valve

  • The low clutch solenoid valve is installed to control valve.
  • The low clutch solenoid valve adjusts the pressure to the low clutch engage pressure and disengage pressure.

    For information about the low clutch, refer to TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Component Description".

  • The low clutch solenoid valve utilizes a linear solenoid valve [N/H (normal high) type].

NOTE:

  • The principle of the linear solenoid valve utilizes the fact that the force pressing on the valve spool installed inside the coil increases nearly in proportion to the current. This allows it to produce a fluid pressure that is proportional to this pressing force.
  • The N/H (normal high) produces oil pressure when the coil is not energized.

A/T Control system : 2-4 brake solenoid valve

  • 2-4 brake solenoid valve is installed to control valve.
  • The 2-4 brake solenoid valve adjusts the pressure of the 2-4 brake band engage and disengage pressures.

    For information about the 2-4 brake band, refer to TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Component Description".

  • The 2-4 brake solenoid valve utilizes a linear solenoid valve [N/L (normal low) type].

NOTE:

  • The principle of the linear solenoid valve utilizes the fact that the force pressing on the valve spool installed inside the coil increases nearly in proportion to the current. This allows it to produce a fluid pressure that is proportional to this pressing force.
  • The N/L (normal low) produces oil pressure when the coil is not energized.

A/T Control system : select switch on-off solenoid valve

  • The select switch ON-OFF solenoid valve is installed to control valve.
  • The selector switch ON-OFF solenoid valve controls the switch valve that switches the oil pressure applied to the low & reverse brake and the reverse clutch.
  • The selector switch ON-OFF solenoid valve utilizes an ON-OFF solenoid valve.

NOTE:

  • The only operations of the valve spool installed inside the coil are pressing or not pressing the ball which seals the hydraulic supply section into the seat. This A/T uses N/L (normal low) type.
  • When voltage is not applied to the coil, the force of the pilot pressure presses the ball against the seat, stopping the pilot pressure at that point.
  • When voltage is applied to the coil, the valve is pulled in the direction of the coil, disengaging the hydraulic seal which the ball creates. This supplies pilot pressure to the operating locations.

A/T Control system : high clutch/low & reverse brake solenoid valve

  • The high clutch/low & reverse brake solenoid valve is installed to control valve.
  • The high clutch/low & reverse brake solenoid valve adjusts the pressure to the high clutch and low & reverse brake engage pressure and disengage pressure.
  • The high clutch/low & reverse brake solenoid valve utilizes a linear solenoid valve [N/H (normal high) type].

NOTE:

  • The principle of the linear solenoid valve utilizes the fact that the force pressing on the valve spool installed inside the coil increases nearly in proportion to the current. This allows it to produce a fluid pressure that is proportional to this pressing force.
  • The N/H (normal high) produces oil pressure when the coil is not energized.

A/T Control system : torque converter clutch solenoid valve

  • The torque converter solenoid valve is installed to control valve.
  • The torque converter solenoid valve controls the lock-up control valve. For information about the lock-up control valve, refer to TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Component Description".
  • The high clutch solenoid valve utilizes a linear solenoid valve [N/H (normal low) type].

NOTE:

  • The principle of the linear solenoid valve utilizes the fact that the force pressing on the valve spool installed inside the coil increases nearly in proportion to the current. This allows it to produce a fluid pressure that is proportional to this pressing force.
  • The N/L (normal low) type does not produce oil pressure when the coil is not energized.

A/T Control system : line pressure solenoid valve

  • The line pressure solenoid valve is installed to control valve.
  • The line pressure solenoid valve controls the line pressure control valve. For information about the line pressure control valve, refer to TM, "A/T CONTROL SYSTEM : Component Description".
  • The line pressure solenoid valve utilizes a linear solenoid valve [N/H (normal high) type].

NOTE:

  • The principle of the linear solenoid valve utilizes the fact that the force pressing on the valve spool installed inside the coil increases nearly in proportion to the current. This allows it to produce a fluid pressure that is proportional to this pressing force.
  • The N/H (normal high) produces oil pressure when the coil is not energized.

A/T Control system : accelerator pedal position sensor

  • The accelerator pedal position sensor is installed above the accelerator pedal.
  • The accelerator pedal position sensor detects the amount that the accelerator pedal is depressed.
  • The accelerator pedal position sensor converts the amount of accelerator pedal depression into a voltage signal. The ECM judges the throttle position based on this voltage signal, and sends it via CAN communication to the TCM.

A/T Control system : overdrive control switch

  • The overdrive control switch is installed on the selector lever knob.
  • If the overdrive control switch is pressed when the O/D OFF indicator lamp on the combination meter is not lit, the status changes to overdrive OFF and the O/D OFF indicator lamp illuminates.
  • If the overdrive control switch is pressed when the O/D OFF indicator lamp on the combination meter is lit, the overdrive OFF status is canceled and the O/D OFF indicator lamp turns off.

A/T Control system : o/d off indicator lamp

  • The O/D OFF indicator lamp is positioned on the combination meter.
  • The O/D OFF indicator lamp illuminates when the overdrive function is deactivated (O/D OFF).
  • For checking the bulb, this lamp turns on for a certain period of time when the ignition switch turns ON, and then turns off.

A/T Control system : o/d off indicator lamp

    More about «Transaxle & transmission (TM)»:

    Precautions

    Structure and operation

    Position switch

    Gear oil

    Side oil seal

    Position switch

    Control linkage

    Air breather hose

    5Th main gear assembly

    Transaxle assembly

    Transaxle assembly

    Input shaft and gear

    Mainshaft and gear

    Final drive

    Precautions

    A/T Control system

    A/T Shift lock system

    Transaxle

    A/T control system

    Line pressure control

    Shift change control

    Lock-up control

    Diagnosis description

    Consult function

    TCM

    Diagnosis and repair work flow

    Additional service when replacing TCM

    Additional service when replacing transaxle assembly

    A/T Fluid cooler

    Stall test

    Line pressure test

    U0073 Communication bus a off

    U0100 Lost communication (ECM A)

    U0140 Lost communication (BCM)

    U0155 Lost communication (IPC)

    U0300 Can communication data

    U1000 Can comm circuit

    U1117 Lost communication (ABS)

    P062F EEPROM

    P0705 Transmission range switch A

    P0706 Transmission range sensor A

    P0711 Transmission fluid temperature sensor A

    P0712 Transmission fluid temperature sensor A

    P0713 Transmission fluid temperature sensor A

    P0717 Input speed sensor A

    P0720 Output speed sensor

    P072C Stuck in 1GR

    P072D Stuck in 2GR

    P072E Stuck in 3GR

    P072F Stuck in 4GR

    P0731 1GR Incorrect ratio

    P0732 2GR Incorrect ratio

    P0733 3GR Incorrect ratio

    P0734 4GR Incorrect ratio

    P073E Unable to engage r range

    P073F Unable to engage 1GR

    P0740 Torque converter

    P0743 Torque converter

    P0744 Torque converter

    P074A Unable to engage 2GR

    P074B Unable to engage 3GR

    P074C Unable to engage 4GR

    P0863 TCM Communication

    P0890 TCM

    P0962 Pressure control solenoid A

    P0963 Pressure control solenoid A

    P0973 Shift solenoid A

    P0974 Shift solenoid A

    P0976 Shift solenoid B

    P0977 Shift solenoid B

    P0979 Shift solenoid C

    P0980 Shift solenoid C

    P0982 Shift solenoid D

    P0983 Shift solenoid D

    P2760 Torque converter

    Main power supply and ground circuit

    Overdrive control switch

    O/D OFF indicator lamp

    Shift position indicator circuit

    Shift lock system

    A/T Fluid

    A/T Shift selector

    Control cable

    Key interlock cable

    TCM

    Oil pan

    Output speed sensor

    Differential side oil seal

    Fluid cooler tube

    Transmission assembly

    Service data and specifications (SDS)

    Precautions

    Component parts

    Shift lock system

    Structure and operation

    Fluid cooler & fluid warmer system

    CVT Control system

    Line pressure control

    Shift control

    Lock-up control

    Idle neutral control

    Diagnosis system (TCM)

    TCM

    Diagnosis and repair work flow

    Additional service when replacing TCM

    Additional service when replacing transaxle assembly

    Calibration of G Sensor

    CVT Fluid cooler system

    Stall test

    Line pressure test

    U0073 Communication bus A off

    U0100 Lost communication (ECM A)

    U0140 Lost communication (BCM)

    U0141 Lost communication (BCM A)

    U0155 Lost communication (IPC)

    U0300 Can communication data

    U1000 Can COMM circuit

    U1117 Lost communication (ABS)

    P062F EEPROM

    P0705 Transmission range sensor A

    P0706 Transmission range sensor A

    P0711 Transmission fluid temperature sensor A

    P0712 Transmission fluid temperature sensor A

    P0713 Transmission fluid temperature sensor A

    P0715  Input speed sensor A

    P0720 Output speed sensor

    P0740 Torque converter

    P0743 Torque converter

    P0744 Torque converter

    P0746 Pressure control solenoid A

    P0846 Transmission fluid pressure SEN/SW B

    P0847 Transmission fluid pressure SEN/SW B

    P0848 Transmission fluid pressure SEN/SW B

    P0863 TCM Communication

    P0890 TCM

    P0962 Pressure control solenoid A

    P0963 Pressure control solenoid A

    P0965 Pressure control solenoid B

    P0966 Pressure control solenoid B

    P0967 Pressure control solenoid B

    P0998 Shift solenoid F

    P0999 Shift solenoid F

    P099B Shift solenoid G

    P099C Shift solenoid G

    P1586 G Sensor

    P1588 G Sensor

    P2765 Clutch B speed sensor

    P2857 Clutch A pressure

    P2858 Clutch B pressure

    P2859 Clutch A pressure

    P285A Clutch B pressure

    Main power supply and ground circuit

    Overdrive control switch

    OD OFF indicator lamp

    Shift position indicator circuit

    Shift lock system

    CVT Control system

    CVT Fluid

    CVT Shift selector

    Control cable

    Key interlock cable

    TCM

    Air breather hose

    G Sensor

    Oil pan

    Primary speed sensor

    Secondary speed sensor

    Output speed sensor

    Differential side oil seal

    Water hose

    Fluid cooler hose

    PLUG

    Transmission assembly

    Service data and specifications (SDS)

    Nissan Versa Sedan Service Manual / Transmission & driveline / Transaxle & transmission (TM) / A/T Control system

    Nissan Versa Sedan Service Manual

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