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Nissan Versa
 Sedan Service Manual
Engine » Engine control system (EC) » P0171 fuel injection system function
DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

With the Air/Fuel Mixture Ratio SelfLearning Control, the actual mixture ratio can be brought closely to the theoretical mixture ratio based on the mixture ratio feedback signal from the A/F sensor 1. The ECM calculates the necessary compensation to correct the offset between the actual and the theoretical ratios.

In case the amount of the compensation value is extremely large (The actual mixture ratio is too lean.), the ECM judges the condition as the fuel injection system malfunction and lights up the MIL (2 trip detection logic).

DTC No. Trouble diagnosis name DTC detecting condition Possible cause
P0171 Fuel injection system too lean
  • Fuel injection system does not operate properly.
  • The amount of mixture ratio compensation is too large. (The mixture ratio is too lean.)
  • Intake air leaks
  • A/F sensor 1
  • Fuel injector
  • Exhaust gas leaks
  • Incorrect fuel pressure
  • Lack of fuel
  • Mass air flow sensor
  • Incorrect PCV hose connection

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.PRECONDITIONING

If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following procedure before conducting the next test.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.

>> GO TO 2.

2.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDUREI

  1. Clear the mixture ratio selflearning value. Refer to EC, "Work Procedure".
  2. Start engine.

Is it difficult to start engine?

YES >> GO TO 3.

NO >> GO TO 4.

3.RESTART ENGINE

If it is difficult to start engine, the fuel injection system has a malfunction, too.

Crank engine while depressing accelerator pedal.

NOTE: When depressing accelerator pedal threefourths (3/4) or more, the control system may not start the engine.

Do not depress accelerator pedal too much.

Does engine start?

YES >> Go to EC, "Diagnosis Procedure".

NO >> Check exhaust and intake air leak visually.

4.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDUREII

  1. Start engine and let it idle for at least 5 minutes.
  2. Check 1st trip DTC.

Is 1st trip DTC detected?

YES >> Go to EC, "Diagnosis Procedure".

NO >> GO TO 5.

5.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDUREIII

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Start engine.
  3. Maintain the following conditions for at least 10 consecutive minutes.

    Hold the accelerator pedal as steady as possible.

CAUTION: Always drive vehicle at a safe speed.

    4.   Check 1st trip DTC.

Is 1st trip DTC detected?

YES >> Go to EC, "Diagnosis Procedure".

NO >> INSPECTION END

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