Toyota
Nissan Versa
 Sedan Service Manual
Transmission & driveline » Transaxle & transmission (TM)
A/T Fluid cooler

Cleaning

Whenever the A/T is repaired, overhauled, or replaced, the A/T fluid cooler mounted in the radiator must be inspected and cleaned.

Metal debris and friction material, if present, can become trapped in the A/T fluid cooler. This debris can contaminate the newly serviced A/T or, in severe cases, can block or restrict the flow of A/T fluid. In either case, malfunction of the newly serviced A/T may result.

Debris, if present, may build up as A/T fluid enters the cooler inlet. It will be necessary to back flush the cooler through the cooler outlet in order to flush out any built up debris.

A/T FLUID COOLER CLEANING PROCEDURE

  1. Identify the A/T inlet and outlet fluid cooler hoses.
  2. Position an oil pan under the A/T inlet and outlet fluid cooler hoses.
  3. Disconnect the A/T fluid cooler inlet and outlet rubber hoses from the steel cooler tubes or bypass valve.

    NOTE: Replace the cooler hoses if rubber material from the hose remains on the tube fitting.

  4. Allow any A/T fluid that remains in the cooler hoses to drain into the oil pan.

A/T FLUID COOLER CLEANING PROCEDURE

    5.   Insert the extension adapter hose of a can of Transmission Cooler Cleaner (Nissan P/N 999MP-AM006) into the cooler outlet hose.

CAUTION:

  • Wear safety glasses and rubber gloves when spraying the Transmission Cooler Cleaner.
  • Spray Transmission Cooler Cleaner only with adequate ventilation.
  • Avoid contact with eyes and skin.
  • Do not breathe vapors or spray mist.

A/T FLUID COOLER CLEANING PROCEDURE

    6.   Hold the hose and can as high as possible and spray Transmission Cooler Cleaner in a continuous stream into the cooler outlet hose until A/T fluid flows out of the cooler inlet hose for 5 seconds.

    7.   Insert the tip of an air gun into the end of the cooler outlet hose.

    8.   Wrap a shop rag around the air gun tip and end of cooler outlet hose.

A/T FLUID COOLER CLEANING PROCEDURE

    9.   Blow compressed air regulated to 5 - 9 kg/cm2 (490 - 883 kPa, 71 - 128 psi) through the cooler outlet hose for 10 seconds to force out any remaining A/T fluid.

    10.  Repeat steps 5 through 9 three additional times.

    11.  Position an oil pan under the banjo bolts that connect the A/T fluid cooler steel lines to the A/T.

    12.  Remove the banjo bolts.

    13.  Flush each steel line from the cooler side back toward the A/T by spraying Transmission Cooler Cleaner in a continuous stream for 5 seconds.

    14.  Blow compressed air regulated to 5 - 9 kg/cm2 (490 - 883 kPa, 71 - 128 psi) through each steel line from the cooler side back toward the A/T for 10 seconds to force out any remaining A/T fluid.

    15.  Ensure all debris is removed from the steel cooler lines.

    16.  Ensure all debris is removed from the banjo bolts and fittings.

    17.  Perform "A/T FLUID COOLER DIAGNOSIS PROCEDURE".

A/T FLUID COOLER DIAGNOSIS PROCEDURE

NOTE: Insufficient cleaning of the cooler inlet hose exterior may lead to inaccurate debris identification.

  1. Position an oil pan under the A/T inlet and outlet cooler hoses.
  2. Clean the exterior and tip of the cooler inlet hose.
  3. Insert the extension adapter hose of a can of Transmission Cooler Cleaner (Nissan P/N 999MP-AM006) into the cooler outlet hose.

CAUTION:

  • Wear safety glasses and rubber gloves when spraying the Transmission Cooler Cleaner.
  • Spray Transmission Cooler Cleaner only with adequate ventilation.
  • Avoid contact with eyes and skin.
  • Do not breathe vapors or spray mist.

A/T FLUID COOLER DIAGNOSIS PROCEDURE

    4.   Hold the hose and can as high as possible and spray Transmission Cooler Cleaner in a continuous stream into the cooler outlet hose until A/T fluid flows out of the cooler inlet hose for 5 seconds.

    5.   Tie a common white, basket-type coffee filter to the end of the cooler inlet hose.

A/T FLUID COOLER DIAGNOSIS PROCEDURE

    6.   Insert the tip of an air gun into the end of the cooler outlet hose.

    7.   Wrap a shop rag around the air gun tip and end of cooler outlet hose.

    8.   Blow compressed air regulated to 5 - 9 kg/cm2 (490 - 883 kPa, 71 - 128 psi) through the cooler outlet hose to force any remaining A/T fluid into the coffee filter.

    9.   Remove the coffee filter from the end of the cooler inlet hose.

    10. Perform "A/T FLUID COOLER INSPECTION PROCEDURE".

A/T FLUID COOLER DIAGNOSIS PROCEDURE

A/T FLUID COOLER INSPECTION PROCEDURE

    1.   Inspect the coffee filter for debris.

a. If small metal debris less than 1mm (0.040 in) in size or metal powder is found in the coffee filter, this is normal. If normal debris is found, the A/T fluid cooler/radiator can be re-used and the procedure is ended.

A/T FLUID COOLER INSPECTION PROCEDURE

b. If one or more pieces of debris are found that are over 1mm (0.040 in) in size and/or peeled clutch facing material is found in the coffee filter, the A/T fluid cooler is not serviceable. The A/T fluid cooler/radiator must be replaced and the inspection procedure is ended. Refer to CO, "Exploded View".

A/T FLUID COOLER INSPECTION PROCEDURE

A/T FLUID COOLER FINAL INSPECTION

After performing all procedures, ensure that all remaining oil is cleaned from all components.

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    Nissan Versa Sedan Service Manual / Transmission & driveline / Transaxle & transmission (TM) / A/T Fluid cooler

    Nissan Versa Sedan Service Manual

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