Toyota
Nissan Versa
 Sedan Service Manual
Engine » Engine mechanical (EM) » Cylinder head
Inspection

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL

Cylinder Head Bolts Outer Diameter

  • Cylinder head bolts are tightened by plastic zone tightening method. Whenever the size difference between "d1" and "d2" exceeds the limit, replace them with a new one.

Limit ("d1"-"d2"): 0.15 mm (0.0059 in)

  • If reduction of outer diameter appears in a position other than "d2", use it as "d2" point.

Cylinder Head Bolts Outer Diameter

Cylinder Head Distortion

NOTE:

When performing this inspection, cylinder block distortion should be also checking.

    1.   Wipe off engine oil and remove water scale (like deposit), gasket, sealant, carbon, etc. with a scraper.

CAUTION:

Use utmost care not to allow gasket debris to enter passages for engine oil or engine coolant.

    2.   At each of several locations on bottom surface of cylinder head, measure the distortion in six directions.

(A) : Straightedge

(B) : Feeler gauge

  • If it exceeds the limit, replace cylinder head.

Cylinder Head Distortion

INSPECTION AFTER DISASSEMBLY

VALVE DIMENSIONS

  • Check the dimensions of each valve.
  • If dimensions are out of the standard, replace valve and check valve seat contact.

VALVE GUIDE CLEARANCE

Valve Stem Diameter

  • Measure the diameter of valve stem with micrometer (A).

Valve Guide Inner Diameter

  • Measure the inner diameter of valve guide with bore gauge.

Valve Guide Clearance

  • (Valve guide clearance) = (Valve guide inner diameter) - (Valve stem diameter)
  • If the calculated value exceeds the limit, replace valve and/or valve guide.

VALVE GUIDE CLEARANCE

VALVE GUIDE REPLACEMENT

When valve guide is removed, replace with oversized [0.2 mm (0.008 in)] valve guide.

  1. To remove valve guide, heat cylinder head to 110 to 130C (230 to 266F) by soaking in heated oil.

VALVE GUIDE REPLACEMENT

  1. Drive out valve guide with a press [under a 20 kN (2 ton, 2.2 US ton, 2.0 lmp ton) force] or suitable tool.

WARNING:

Cylinder head contains heat; when working, wear protective equipment to avoid getting burned.

VALVE GUIDE REPLACEMENT

    3.   Ream cylinder head valve guide hole with a suitable tool.

Valve guide hole diameter (for service parts): Intake and exhaust : 9.175 9.201 mm (0.3612 0.3622 in)

VALVE GUIDE REPLACEMENT

    4.   Heat cylinder head to 110 to 130C (230 to 266F) by soaking in heated oil.

VALVE GUIDE REPLACEMENT

    5.   Using a suitable tool, press valve guide (1) from camshaft side to dimensions as shown.

Projection "H": : 11.4 11.8 mm (0.448 0.464 in)

WARNING:

Cylinder head contains heat; when working, wear protective equipment to avoid getting burned.

VALVE GUIDE REPLACEMENT

    6.   Apply reamer finish to valve guide with a suitable tool.

Standard 5.000 5.018 mm (0.1968 0.1975 in)

VALVE GUIDE REPLACEMENT

VALVE SEAT CONTACT

  • After confirming that the dimensions of valve guides and valves are within the specifications, perform this procedure.
  • Apply prussian blue (or white lead) onto contacting surface of valve seat to check the condition of the valve contact on the surface.
  • Check if the contact area band is continuous all around the circumference.

(A) : OK

  • If not, grind to adjust valve fitting and check again. If the contacting surface still has "NG" conditions (B) even after the recheck, replace valve seat.

VALVE SEAT CONTACT

VALVE SEAT REPLACEMENT

When valve seat is removed, replace with oversized [0.5 mm (0.020 in)] valve seat.

    1.   Bore out old seat until it collapses. Boring should not continue beyond the bottom face of the seat recess in cylinder head. Set the machine depth stop to ensure this.

CAUTION:

Prevent scoring cylinder head by excessive boring.

    2.   Ream cylinder head recess diameter for service valve seat.

Oversize [0.5 mm (0.020 in)]

Intake : 32.500 32.527 mm (1.2795 1.2805 in)

Exhaust : 26.400 26.427 mm (1.0393 1.0404 in)

  • Be sure to ream in circles concentric to the valve guide center.

    This will enable valve seat to fit correctly.

VALVE SEAT REPLACEMENT

    3.   Heat cylinder head to 110 to 130C (230 to 266F) by soaking in heated oil.

VALVE SEAT REPLACEMENT

    4.   Provide valve seats cooled well with dry ice. Pressfit valve seats into cylinder head.

WARNING:

Cylinder head contains heat; when working, wear protective equipment to avoid getting burned.

CAUTION:

Avoid directly touching cold valve seats.

    5.   Using a suitable tool a valve seat grinder, finish valve seat to the specified dimensions.

CAUTION:

When using a valve seat cutter, firmly grip the cutter handle with both hands. Then, press the contacting surface evenly around the valve seat to cut in a single attempt. Improper pressure or cutting several times may result in wavy valve seat.

VALVE SEAT REPLACEMENT

  1. Using compound, grind to adjust valve fitting.
  2. Check again for normal contact. Refer to "VALVE SEAT CONTACT".

VALVE SPRING SQUARENESS

  • Set a trisquare (A) along the side of valve spring and rotate spring.

    Measure the maximum clearance between the top of spring and trisquare

(B) : Contact

  • If it exceeds the limit, replace valve spring.

VALVE SPRING SQUARENESS

VALVE SPRING DIMENSIONS AND VALVE SPRING PRESSURE LOAD

  • Check valve spring pressure with valve spring seat installed at the specified spring height.

CAUTION:

Do not remove valve spring seat from valve spring.

  • If the installation load or load with valve open is out of the standard, replace valve spring (with valve spring seat).

VALVE SPRING DIMENSIONS AND VALVE SPRING PRESSURE LOAD

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION

  • Before starting engine, check oil/fluid levels, including engine coolant and engine oil. If less than required quantity, fill to the specified level.
  • Use procedure below to check for fuel leakage.
  • Turn ignition switch ON (with engine stopped). With fuel pressure applied to fuel piping, check for fuel leakage at connection points.
  • Start engine. With engine speed increased, check again for fuel leakage at connection points.
  • Run engine to check for unusual noise and vibration.

NOTE:

If hydraulic pressure inside timing chain tensioner drops after removal and installation, slack in the guide may generate a pounding noise during and just after engine start. However, this is normal. Noise will stop after hydraulic pressure rises.

  • Warm up engine thoroughly to make sure there is no leakage of fuel, exhaust gas, or any oils/fluids including engine oil and engine coolant.
  • Bleed air from passages in lines and hoses, such as in cooling system.
  • After cooling down engine, again check oil/fluid levels including engine oil and engine coolant. Refill to specified level, if necessary.
  • Summary of the inspection items:
Item Before starting engine Engine running After engine stopped
Engine coolant Level Leakage Level
Engine oil Level Leakage Level
Transmission/ transaxle fluid A/T and CVT Models Leakage Level/Leakage Leakage
M/T Models Level/Leakage Leakage Level/Leakage
Other oils and fluids* Level Leakage Level
Fuel Leakage Leakage Leakage
Exhaust gas Leakage

*Power steering fluid, brake fluid, etc.

    More about «Cylinder head»:

    Exploded View

    Removal and Installation

    Disassembly and Assembly

    Inspection

    Nissan Versa Sedan Service Manual / Engine / Engine mechanical (EM) / Cylinder head / Inspection

    Nissan Versa Sedan Service Manual

    Categories


    © 2017-2019 Copyright www.niveguide.com