Toyota
Nissan Versa
 Sedan Service Manual
Engine » Engine control system (EC) » Diagnosis description
On Board Diagnosis Function

ON BOARD DIAGNOSIS ITEM

The on board diagnostic system has the following functions.

Diagnostic test mode Function
Bulb check MIL can be checked.
SRT status ECM can read if SRT codes are set.
Malfunction warning If ECM detects a malfunction, it illuminates or blinks MIL to inform the driver that a malfunction has been detected.
Selfdiagnostic results DTCs or 1st trip DTCs stored in ECM can be read.
Accelerator pedal released position learning ECM can learn the accelerator pedal released position.
Throttle valve closed position learning ECM can learn the throttle valve closed position
Idle air volume learning ECM can learn the idle air volume.
Mixture ratio selflearning value clear Mixture ratio selflearning value can be erased

BULB CHECK MODE

Description

This function allows damage inspection in the MIL bulb (blown, open circuit, etc.).

Operation Procedure

    1.   Turn ignition switch ON.

    2.   The MIL on the instrument panel should stay ON.

If it remains OFF, check MIL circuit.

SRT STATUS MODE

Description

This function allows to read if ECM has completed the selfdiagnoses of major emission control systems and components.

Operation Procedure

    1.   Turn ignition switch ON and wait 20 seconds.

    2.   SRT status is indicated as shown blow.

  • ECM continues to illuminate MIL if all SRT codes are set.
  • ECM blinks MIL for about 10 seconds if all SRT codes are not set.

Operation Procedure

MALFUNCTION WARNING MODE

Description

In this function ECM turns on or blinks MIL when it detects a malfunction in the emission control system components and/or the powertrain control components (which affect vehicle emissions) to inform the driver that a malfunction has been detected.

Operation Procedure

    1.  Turn ignition switch ON.

    2.   Check that MIL illuminates.

If it remains OFF, check MIL circuit.

    3.   Start engine and let it idle.

  • For two trip detection logic diagnoses, ECM turns on MIL when it detects the same malfunction twice in the two consecutive driving cycles.
  • For 1st trip detection logic diagnoses, ECM turns on MIL when it detects a malfunction in one driving cycle.
  • ECM blinks MIL when it detects a malfunction that may damage the three way catalyst (misfire).

SELFDIAGNOSTIC RESULTS MODE

Description

This function allows to indicate DTCs or 1st trip DTCs stored in ECM according to the number of times MIL is blinking.

How to Set Selfdiagnostic Results Mode

NOTE:

  • It is better to count the time accurately with a clock.
  • It is impossible to switch the diagnostic mode when an accelerator pedal position sensor circuit has a malfunction.
  • After ignition switch is turned off, ECM is always released from the "selfdiagnostic results" mode.

    1.   Confirm that accelerator pedal is fully released, turn ignition switch ON and wait 3 seconds.

    2.   Repeat the following procedure quickly five times within 5 seconds.

  • Fully depress the accelerator pedal.
  • Fully release the accelerator pedal.

    3.   Wait 7 seconds, fully depress the accelerator pedal and keep it depressed for approx. 10 seconds until the MIL starts blinking.

NOTE:

Do not release the accelerator pedal for 10 seconds if MIL starts blinking during this period. This blinking is displaying SRT status and is continued for another 10 seconds.

    4.   Fully release the accelerator pedal.

ECM has entered to "Selfdiagnostic results" mode.

NOTE:

Wait until the same DTC (or 1st trip DTC) appears to completely confirm all DTCs.

SELFDIAGNOSTIC RESULTS MODE

How to Read Selfdiagnostic Results

The DTC and 1st trip DTC are indicated by the number of blinks of the MIL as shown below.

The DTC and 1st trip DTC are displayed at the same time. If the MIL does not illuminate in diagnostic test mode I (Malfunction warning), all displayed items are 1st trip DTCs. If only one code is displayed when the MIL illuminates in "malfunction warning" mode, it is a DTC; if two or more codes are displayed, they may be either DTCs or 1st trip DTCs. DTC No. is same as that of 1st trip DTC. These unidentified codes can be identified by using the CONSULT or GST. A DTC will be used as an example for how to read a code.

SELFDIAGNOSTIC RESULTS MODE

A particular trouble code can be identified by the number of fourdigit numeral flashes per the following.

The length of time the 1,000thdigit numeral flashes on and off is 1.2 seconds consisting of an ON (0.6seconds) OFF (0.6seconds) cycle.

The 100thdigit numeral and lower digit numerals consist of a 0.3seconds ON and 0.3seconds OFF cycle.

A change from one digit numeral to another occurs at an interval of 1.0second OFF. In other words, the later numeral appears on the display 1.3 seconds after the former numeral has disappeared.

A change from one trouble code to another occurs at an interval of 1.8seconds OFF.

In this way, all the detected malfunctions are classified by their DTC numbers. The DTC 0000 refers to no malfunction.

How to Erase Selfdiagnostic Results

By performing this procedure, ECM memory is erased and the following diagnostic information is erased as well.

  • Diagnostic trouble codes
  • 1st trip diagnostic trouble codes
  • Freeze frame data
  • 1st trip freeze frame data
  • System readiness test (SRT) codes
  • Test values

NOTE:

Also, if a battery terminal is disconnected, ECM memory is erased and the diagnostic information as listed above is erased. (The amount of time required for erasing may vary from a few seconds to several hours.)

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  4. Turn ignition switch ON.
  5. Set ECM in "selfdiagnostic results" mode.
  6. The diagnostic information has been erased from the backup memory in the ECM.

    Fully depress the accelerator pedal and keep it depressed for more than 10 seconds.

  7. Fully release the accelerator pedal, and confirm the DTC 0000 is displayed.
    More about «Diagnosis description»:

    Diagnosis description : 1st trip detection logic and two trip detection logic

    Diagnosis description : dtc and freeze frame data

    Diagnosis description : counter system

    Diagnosis description : driving pattern

    Diagnosis description : system readiness test (SRT) code

    Diagnosis description : permanent diagnostic trouble code (permanent DTC)

    Diagnosis description : malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)

    On Board Diagnosis Function

    Consult function

    Nissan Versa Sedan Service Manual / Engine / Engine control system (EC) / Diagnosis description / On Board Diagnosis Function

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